by Aaron Nordquist
The pursuit of human rights is another central reason for creating the United Earth. The UE charter obliges all members to promote universal respect for, and observance of human rights, and to take joint and separate action to that end. Human rights refers to the concept that all human beings have equal universal rights, and that these are rights of all humans without exception. The doctrine of human rights goes beyond law, and forms a fundamental moral basis for regulating order.
All human beings are equal, regardless of their beliefs, religion, politics, caste, or any other differences that we create for ourselves. Human rights are justified claims of entitlement, or the freedom to do something, that are considered by most societies to belong automatically to everyone. For a few examples, most societies believe in the right to freedom, justice, and equality. Human rights defines a main principle of peace, non-violence, and tolerance of all sects and opinions. It teaches generosity towards all. These are also Resolutionist ideals.
The existence, validity, and the content of human rights has always been subject to debate in philosophy and political sciences. There is a great history of human rights, and I think it’s valuable to learn that history. Around 2050 BCE, Ur-Nammu, the King of Ur, created what was arguably the first legal codex, showing the rules, and punishments if those rules were broken, on a variety of matters, including women’s and children’s rights.
In what we now call Iran, the Persian Empire established unprecedented principles of human rights in about 540 BCE, under the reign of Cyrus the Great. It was declared that citizens of the empire would be allowed to practice their religious beliefs freely, and for a time, they even abolished slavery. The Vedas, which are the Hindu sacred texts from the 6th century BCE, the Bible, the Qur’an, and the Analects of Confucius are other written sources which address questions of peoples rights, duties and responsibilities.
In 1215, King John of England signed the Magna Carta, a charter establishing the rights of English barons and free citizens, which is the basis of civil and political liberty in England to this day. This document recognized and guaranteed rights, privileges, and liberties, and even required the King to renounce certain rights, to accept that even the will of the King was also bound by law. Its later interpretation in the Elizabethan period, under Elizabeth I, Queen of England and Ireland, who reigned from 1558 to 1603, established the Magna Carta as a powerful document on which constitutional law was founded in Britain and elsewhere. In the United States, The Declaration of Independence was a proclamation by which the people of America asserted publicly, that the country had become independent of their previous governing power. It was a written statement, issued and adopted by the Continental Congress, and was formally endorsed on July 4, 1776, proclaiming that the 13 North American colonies would govern themselves instead of being ruled by Great Britain. Samuel Eliot Morison, said in The Oxford History of the American People in 1965, that "If the American Revolution had produced nothing but the Declaration of Independence, it would have been worthwhile." The Declaration of Independence included concepts of natural unalienable rights, which were given to them by their creator.
Not long after the Declaration of Independence, in 1789, after the French Revolution, France issued the Declaration of Rights of Men and of the Citizen, which set forth other individual and collective fundamental rights. The Age of Reason was the period from the middle to the end of the 18th century during which time there was an emphasis on rationalism in philosophy, religion, and society. This movement led to philosophers such as Thomas Paine, John Stuart Mill, and many more, all of whom expanded on those themes of equal rights for humans in both the 18th and 19th centuries. This was when the term “human rights” actually came into use.
Numerous groups and movements achieved countless social changes in the 20th century, all in the name of human rights. A British political party called the Labour Party was founded in 1900 to support the rights and interests of working people. An international labour union called the Industrial Workers of the World, was founded in the United States in 1905, with socialist objectives that unfortunately lost influence after the 1920’s. Many areas of consideration took hold in this area, and soon all kinds labour unions were created to continue to help fight for the rights of workers. Labour unions are organizations of wage earners that serve and advance its members' interests, in terms of workers rights, wages, benefits, and working hours and conditions.
Also in the 20th century, we saw countless civil rights movements. These movements settled upon new rights, that all citizens of a society are supposed to have, for example, the right to vote, or to receive fair treatment from the law. Other interest groups stepped forward, saying that they have not been treated fairly, pressing the urgency and importance for equal rights. For example, the feminist movements were committed to securing and defending rights and opportunities for women that are equal to those of men. More recently, movements have created civil rights for gay people, particularly the right to be treated without discrimination both legally and socially.
Appalled by the holocaust, and all of WWII in general, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Since then, many pieces of legislature have been introduced at international levels, asserting that these rights are part of the “foundation of freedom, justice, and peace in the world.” We have entered the 21st century, and this new era calls for a new assessment of basic human rights, and a new proclamation to all of Earth’s citizens, that we are all endowed with certain unalienable rights.
UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS
The United Earth will create legislation to outline a new doctrine, that will form the basis of new beliefs and policies, that protects the rights that are considered by Earth’s citizens to belong automatically to everyone, such as the rights to freedom, justice, and equality. The UE legislation on human rights shall contain:
- Liberty Rights: that protect freedoms in areas such as belief and religion, association, assembling, and movement.
- Security Rights: that protect against crimes, especially murder, rape, torture, and massacre.
- Political Rights: that protect the liberty to participate in politics, by expressing themselves, protesting, voting, and serving public office.
- Due Process Rights: that protect against abuses of the legal system, such as imprisonment without trial, secret trials or excessive punishments
- Equality Rights: that guarantee equal citizenship, nondiscrimination, and equality before the law.
- Welfare Rights: that offer the provision of education, and a host of other projects which protect people from severe poverty and starvation.
- Prevention and Punishment: of the crimes of genocide, slavery, torture, pollution, international terrorism, or war crimes of aggression.
- Elimination: of all forms of racial discrimination, and all forms of discrimination against gender, seniors, children, or social classes.
UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS---In Resolutionism, each person has:
- The right of peace. The right of life. The right of liberty. The right of personal security.The right of medical treatment.The right of trial by law.The right to have education. The right to participate fully in cultural life. The right to self-determination. The right to natural resources.The right to a healthy environment. The right to clean air.The right to clean water.The right to consume food.The right to shelter. The right to social development. The right to economic development.The right to volunteer.Freedom from torture or cruel, inhumane, treatment or punishment. Freedom of thought, conscience, and belief.The right to communicate.